Refinement can be defined as any measure that will reduce suffering or improve welfare.
The term 'welfare assessment' refers to monitoring animals for signs of pain, suffering and distress
A humane endpoint is a limit to the level of suffering an animal can experience within a procedure.
The 'Road map' is a series of steps to identify ways to reduce, avoid and end severe suffering.
For pet rehoming and adoption, animal welfare advice and ways to support our vital work.
Sign up to receive our email updates